Rice is the staple grain for more than half the world’s population. INDIA is one of the largest Rice producers in the world, accounting for more than 20% of all world rice production. Moreover, India is among the largest exporters of rice in the world exporting approximately 5 million tons of rice every year.
Rice is categorized by the length of its grain as long-grain, medium-grain, and short-grain.
LONG GRAIN RICE
- Basmati Rice – Traditional Basmati, 1121 Pusa Basmati, Pusa Basmati
- Other Rice – Sugandha
This type of rice is less sticky and more fluffy when cooked. The grain elongates when cooked to approximately double the size of the raw grain. Long grain rice is ideal for preparing flavoured r
ice dishes such as fried rice and pulao (pilaf).
MEDIUM GRAIN RICE
- Premium – Sharbati, Shabnam
- Other – PR-11
This type of rice is more sticky and chewy, and has more starch content.
SHORT GRAIN RICE
- North India – Parmal/PR-6, IR-8, PANT-4, Masoori, China-4
- Central India – IR36, IR64
- Southern India – Sona Masoori, Ros-Matta, HMT, Ambe Mor
- Eastern India – IR36, Miniket, Sonam, Govind Bhog
- Western India – IR36, Parmal
The shorter varieties are less sticky and chewy, and are good for baby food, products in snack industry, and dishes like the Indian Khichdi (pongal) and Italian risotto. A huge range of short grain rice is available in the country.
Rice is a good source of vitamins such as vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), Iron, along with Magnesium and Dietary fiber.
Rice is a great source of complex carbohydrates which gives us a large amount of energy. According to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations), rice provides 20 percent of the world’s dietary energy supply.
Rice contains all the amino
acids essential for building and maintaining muscle tissue, and makeup antibodies, enzymes, and hormones. These amino acids also help maintain healthy skin, hair, eyesight, and nourish the heart, lungs, tendons and ligaments, brain, nervous system and glands.
Other health benefits of rice include it’s role in reducing bad cholesterol. Rice contains oil in its outer layer, and studies show that this oil can help lower bad cholesterol (LDL).
All these factors make Rice an important part of human diet.